The lease contract is concluded in writing. Certain diagnostics must be attached to it(Sheet 10-2: mandatory diagnostics in case of rental.) Since August 1, 2015, it must be established according to a standard model and an information notice is attached to it.
The lease has a duration of at least 1 year, and is automatically renewed. However, for a student tenant, it is possible to establish a 9-month lease, which does not renew.
If the tenant wishes to terminate the lease, he can give notice of one month.
The lessor who wishes to modify the conditions of the lease must inform the tenant at least 3 months before the end of the lease. If the tenant accepts the new conditions, the lease is renewed for 1 year.
Finally, the lessor can give notice of termination, by informing the tenant at least 3 months before the end of the lease. The landlord must justify his refusal to renew by his decision either to take over or sell the property, or by a legitimate and serious reason, for example because the tenant does not respect the rules of the lease.
Despite the possibility of giving notice, the landlord is limited by the protective status of the elderly tenant. The latter must be at least 65 years old at the end of the lease term, and have low income. However, this status does not apply if the lessor himself is over 65 at the end of the lease, or if his income is below the ceiling set by the Ministry of Housing for the allocation of subsidized rental housing. In such cases, the lessor issuing the notice is obliged to offer a replacement dwelling corresponding to the needs and possibilities of the protected tenant, within the geographical limits stipulated in article 13 of law n°48-1360 of September 1, 1948. Failing this, it will not be possible to issue a notice and the lease will be renewed.
Despite the possibility of giving notice, the lessor is limited by the two protected statuses of certain tenants:
In the event of protective status, the lessor who issues leave is required to offer alternative accommodation corresponding to the needs and possibilities of the protected tenant, within the geographical limits provided for in Article 13 of the law . n°48-1360 of September 1, 1948. Failing this, it will not be possible to issue a notice and the lease will be renewed.